Frances Valentine is the new venture by Kate Spade and her husband. Product is designed in New York City by Kate Spade, Andy Spade, Paola Venturi, and made in San Romano, Italy and Menorca, Spain. The factories are family owned and run, and have been in operation since the 1920’s. The first prototype of each shoe design is made on a hand carved wooden last. Every pair of shoes takes two full days to complete.